Urban public transport in France : Institutional organization
Around the world, as the demographic weight of urban areas increases, the need to provide all residents with efficient, low-energy public transport has become a major political issue. France has experienced a surge in urban public transport that began in the 1970s.
Around the world, as the demographic weight of urban areas increases, the need to provide all residents with efficient, low-energy public transport has become a major political issue. France has experienced a surge in urban public transport that began in the 1970s. First with the creation of metro lines in the largest cities, then with the launch of many modern tram networks in the Paris region and in medium-sized cities, and, more recently, with the creation of Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) lines when heavy modes were not justified. To support these development efforts and the use of urban public transport by citizens, an institutional and financial framework has been put in place by governments and constantly improved. The aim of this brochure is to present the organization of urban public transport in France in all its diversity, including ten or so monographs illustrating some original aspects of the practices and know-how of local authorities’ (the organizing authorities) and large French passenger transport groups. We hope that this brochure will shed light on the French system and thereby contribute to sharing experiences in the field of urban transport.
Presentation of the institutional organization of urban public transport in France
Chapter 1. Urban transport authorities
Chapter 2. Urban transport network operators
Chapter 3. Contractual relationships between urban transport authorities and operators
Chapter 4. Urban public transport financing (outside the Île-de-France (Paris) region)
Chapter 5. The institutional organisation of public transport in the Île-de-France (Paris) region
REIMS : the first tram line constructed under a concession contract
NANTES : the development of a hierarchically organised transport network
LYON : the Gorge-de-Loup multimodal interchange hub
GRENOBLE : accessibility policy in the conurbation
TOULOUSE : an example of high-frequency demand-responsive transport
BORDEAUX : VCub, self-service bicycles
The intermodal fare system in CHARENTE-MARITIME (17°) and the service "package" in LA ROCHELLE
Electronic ticketing: examples from the TERRITOIRE DE BELFORT and the RHÔNE-ALPES Region
LYON : a tram-train link between the city and the airport
PARIS underground rail line 1: automation of a pre-existing line
PARIS : the future "Grand Paris transport network"